Hats are not just hats! Have you ever wondered why some people are so obsessed with hats that they don’t just leave home without wearing one? While some of them like hats for their mind-blowing functionality against weather, hiding their frequent bad hair days; and looking chic instantly. And the third category involves the non-hat people who are not fond of hats and not knowing how to pick the perfect hat for you. No matter what category you belong to, you have all landed on the right page to know the A-Z information about parts of a hat.
Undeniably, you have to get a solid understanding of all the parts of a hat to pick the right hat. Stick with us till the end, and you will be able to master the art of picking the right hat for you!
NOTE: This post is about PARTS OF HAT. Visit this post, if you’re looking to learn about the PARTS OF CAP.
A hat is a head covering designed with a crown and a brim that encircles the crown and is worn to protect against the weather, as a fashion accessory, for religious reasons, or as a part of a uniform for safety and identity. In the past, hats were also recognition of their social status.
A hat is an umbrella term that refers to all types of head coverings, including caps.
But to be more precise, hat industries refer to hats as headwear which is designed with a crown and brim that encircles the crown. It provides a higher degree of shade to the face, front neck, shoulder, and back of the neck.
Cap is a headwear which is designed with a crown and is shallow enough to fit closely with the head and added with a visor( also called a bill) in the front. It provides shade only to the face and the front side of the neck.
To be easy, hats and caps are distinguished by their main difference, the brim or visor. To know more, check out the differences between a hat vs. cap.
Hats are not just about the crowns and brims! Believe it or not, every part of the hat has a function, including the sweatband bow inside your hat.
Let’s jump in!
The crown is the portion of a hat above the brim which covers the top of your head and protects against the sun and other elements.
They are designed with both higher and lower profiles. Higher profile hats offer more room to the head like fedora, Panama, and 10-gallon hats. Low-profile hats offer less room to the head and are also referred to as caps like Ivy, newsboys, ascots, and berets.
2. Creases, Dents, and Pinch
Creases or dents refer to indentations or dips done on the sides, back, and front of the crown using the hands. Pinch is the shape of the crease. For instance, the Monterey style crease is relatable to square pinch, and that’s how it looks like.
Most hats are sold with rounded crowns with no shaping enabling customers to style their crowns the way they like. But dating back to history, creases in the cowboy hats describe where the cowboy is from, even the ranch, by simply looking at it.
Creasing the crowns makes donning and removing easier by the crown and not by the brim. They are different types of creases like cattleman, montena, pinch front, and brick crease.
- Short brims or stingy brims,
- Wide brims,
- Super-wide brims,
- Floppy brims,
- Upturned brims,
- Flat brims,
- Downward brims
Check out to know more differences between each brim of a hat.
Sometimes brims are referred to as bills among people, which is not correct. Bill, also known as visors, describes the protruding peak of the cap, which provides shade. The brims of hats provide greater sun coverage when compared to caps.
Underbrim refers to the part under the brim. Under brims are designed in darker colors like green, black, grey, or brown to reduce the sun glare when you look at the sky or flight of a ball. On the other hand, straw hats are updated with an under-brim splashed with a captivating pop of colors to give a vacation look!
5. Dip of the Brim
The dip is defined as the depth of the brim pulled down for styling and protective purposes.
6. Hat Band
The decorative strip or band, which is usually 1 inch tall and encircles the base of the crown, is called the hatband. They are also called leather ties, hat bands, ribbons, or braided cords. Hats like fedora, boater, 10 gallon, cowboy, Panama, and straw hats will look complete with a hatband surrounding them.
Hat bands are made up of cotton, wool, nylon, silk, leather, and even beads. In earlier days, hat bands were used to make the fit tighter for the wearer, and then, it became a fashion statement today.
Sometimes hats are also embellished with decorations like beaded strips, feathers, tassels, and buckles.
Fun fact: In earlier days of swordplay, men used to wear hats with feathers on the left side, which represents the permitting of freedom and the chance to tell the world about their success. And today, it is still followed as a gentleman’s etiquette. Women should wear their hats with feathers on the right side.
Every hat is designed with a sweatband lining the under brim, which consists of two main functions.
1. The sweatband is always made up of moisture-wicking fabric to absorb the sweat from the scalp and prevent deterioration to the inner lining of the hat.
2. The sweatband adds more comfort to the wearer, ensures a good fit, and keeps the hat in shape.
Mostly the sweatband of hats is made up of genuine leather, sheepskin, suede, or cotton. Modern sweatbands are also designed to provide extra elasticity for a more comfortable fit.
9. Sweatband Bow
Before the 1970s, men’s hats were usually designed with a sweatband bow on the back of the seam of the sweatband. The actual use of the sweatband bow represents the back of the hat to the wearer when wearing it.
Liner is the inner layer of the hat that adds warmth, stability and blocks sweat and stains, which can lead to the natural deterioration of the outer crown. Mostly, hat linings are made up of cotton, satin, silk, or other synthetic fabrics.
Taper is a term that describes how narrower the upper crown gets when compared to the lower crown. Some hats are designed with a tapered appearance; some hats come non tapered, looking straight from the upper crown to the lower crown.
12. Brim Binding
The binding of the brim refers to the trimmed edge of the hats’ brim. They are mostly three types of brim binding which are made of leather and silk.
- Bound edge- Brim is designed with the ribbon on edge, adds strength to the brim edge, and looks more appealing.
- Raw edge- The edge of the brim is shaped with a razor blade or scissors and is comparably not too stable to maintain the shape of the brim edge, but still, people love it.
- Welted edge/ stitched edge- The fabric over the brim is folded over the brim and sewn. This adds more strength to the brim edge and retains the look of the edge longer.
Now, you must have known all about the parts of the hat, including the crown; check out the most popular shape of crowns!
- Center Crease- This is a more popular and easy-to-do crease, which features only a single crease in the center of the crown, and measures one to two inches deep.
- Diamond crease- A diamond crease resembles the shape of a diamond when seen from the top.
- Open crease- As the name sounds, open crowns aren’t designed with any creases and come with rounded crowns. Bowler and derby hats come with open creases.
- Teardrop crease- The teardrop crease, also called the C crown, is slightly narrower than the diamond crease.
- Telescope crease- A telescope crease is the simplest of all creases, identified as a single circular indentation at the edge of the top crown. It is also called flat top crease and is seen very popularly on gambler, pork pie and straw boaters, etc.
By now, you would be loaded with good knowledge about the parts of hats and their terminology. As you would have realized, hats are not only about the crown and brim, or maybe the hatband. Even the edge of the brim’s type is necessary to know to be an expert hat selector and choose the “best-est” of all best hats since you deserve it!
Are you a regular hat wearer? Then you must have enjoyed learning all the ropes of parts of a hat! Let us know your thoughts on what you love about your hats the most!